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Arctic and Antarctica
Reference:

Composition, structure and characteristics of permafrost sands in the territory of Eastern Siberia
Averkina Tatiana Ivanovna

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Docent, the department of Engineering and Environmental Geology, the faculty of Geology, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119234, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1, of. 109

averkina@geol.msu.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Andreeva Tatiana Vasil'evna

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Docent, the department of Engineering and Environmental Geology, the faculty of Geology, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University 

119234, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1, of. 109

andreeva@geol.msu.ru
Balykova Svetlana Dmitrievna

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Senior Scientific Associate, the department of Engineering and Environmental Geology, the faculty of Geology, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University 

119234, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1, of. 109

balykova@geol.msu.ru

Abstract.

The object of this research is the permafrost sandy soils of Eastern Siberia. Their age range spans from the Mesozoic through the Holocene. The pre-quaternary permafrost sands are developed within the limits Vilyuy syneclise and Khatanga trough, and fall into the epicryogenic category. The quaternary sands are composed of aqueoglacial, glaciolacustrine, marine alluvial-marine, eolian, lacustrine-alluvial and alluvial genetic units. In the northern districts, the syncryogenic soils usually compose the upper part of the cutoffs of these units, while underlying the epicryogenic soils. In central and southern districts, the epicryogenic sands are often embedded on the surface. The study of archive and published materials allowed revealing and generalizing the peculiarities of composition, structure and characteristics of permafrost sands of the platform and mountain territories of Eastern Siberia. It is noted that their granulometric composition extensively varies – from gravelly to silty types. The higher is the sand dispersion, the higher is their natural moisture and porosity factor, and the lower is the density of soil and soil skeleton. The fine and silty sandy soils often have a schlieren cryogenic structure, significantly settle during thawing and frequently develop into the running sands. The larger sands have a predominantly massive cryogenic structure, and settle insignificantly during thawing.

Keywords: platforms, cryogenic structure, properties, structure, composition, epicryogenic, syncryogenic, permafrost sands, orogens, Eastern Siberia

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8922.2018.3.27019

Article was received:

01-08-2018


Review date:

17-09-2018


Publish date:

26-10-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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