Theoretical and Applied Economics
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Theoretical and Applied Economics" > Rubric "Finance, monetary relations and investment"
Finance, monetary relations and investment
Khmelnitskii M.M. - On the Question about Developing the System of Quality Evaluation Criteria for Government Debt Management pp. 1-10


Abstract: In his artice Khmelnitsky offers an innovatory system of criteria for evaluating the quality of government debt management. The system of criteria offered by the author takes into account basic qualitative attributes of state debt policy including security of the government debt's volume, security of the government debt's structure, security of the payment schedule under commitment, and up-to-date attributes of debt management. The object of the present research is the existing approaches to conducing a criterion evaluation of the government state policy, and analysis of their main drawbacks and ways to eliminate those. The subject of the research is the development of quality evaluation criteria applicable to government debt management, the criteria that would allow to carry out an efficient monitoring of the debt position of a sovereign borrower for the purpose of increasing sustainability of public finances. The rationale of the research is caused by the fact that the Russian Federation still does not have a legally fixed system of relevant criteria as well as by the need to arrange these criteria during the period of 'economic turbulence' when a high level of valitility on the currency and commodity markets limits opportunities of the government to attract the debt capital and may have a negative impact on the budget sustainability. 
Skavysh I. - Efficiency of Applying Modern Methods of Business Valuation under Conditions of Developing Markets pp. 1-13


Abstract: The object of the research is the methods that can be used for valuating the cost of business. The subject of the present research is the efficiency of applying modern methods of business valuation compared to traditional methods under the conditions of developing markets. In this research Skavysh analyzes theoretical grounds and algorithms for carrying out the procedure of business valuation based on traditional valuation methods (profitable, cost-intensive, comparative) as well as value added methods, in particular, Economic Value Added (EVA) method. The author has also carried out a comparative analysis of Shareholder Value Added (SVA) indicators and Market Value Added (MVA). In his article Skavysh has used the method of literary sources analysis and has conducted a quantitative comparative analysis of the efficiency of applying modern methods of business valuation based on the example of Russian companies operating in different branches of economy. Based on the results of the research, the author makes a conclusion that under the conditions of developing markets modern valuation methods do not have an  essential advantage over traditional methods from the point of view of their efficiency and accuracy. Despite the fact that modern valuation methods have appeared to be a little bit more efficient, the difference between average relative deviations of business value for each sector is quite insignificant thus we cannot speak of some valuation methods being more efficient than others. Based on the results of analyzing data for each sector the author demonstrates that a branch of economy where a company operates has a significant influence on the efficiency of applying modern valuation methods and modern valuation methods need to be improved in order to take into account specific features of companies operating in different sectors of economy. 
Abramova S.B., Vlasova O.I. - Banking Pension Investment: the Problem of Riskogenic Evaluation pp. 20-34


Abstract: The object of this research is the banking pension investment and the subject of the research is the analysis and evaluatino of banking and investment risks by consumers of banking services. The authors of the article discuss approaches to understanding risk as a phenomenon of modern life and specifics of sociological analysis of risks in relation to the banking services market and pension investment. The authors offer a model for evaluation of risks by banking services consumers as a ground for understanding models of pension investments. The authors also raise a question about criteria and degree of rationality of consumer behavior aimed at evaluation of banking risks and their minimization. The article provides results of the sociological survey that involved clients of Yekaterinburg banks. The respondents aged 18 - 55 years. The purpose of the survey was to define factors that influence their choice of a bank, evaluated risks, trust in banking and financial systems, planned sources of pension. The results of the research have allowed to classify all consumers into groups depending on their attitude to risky banking operations as well as to fix a number of contradictions that arise when consumers evaluate banking services. The lack of financial literacy and orientation at stereotyped and simplified images of banks when making a decision make consumers create and intensify uncertainty of the banking sphere. Banking investments are viewed as a source of 'fast' money which limits their use for long-term pension investments. Solution of this problem can become one of the key tasks of information and educational policy in the sphere of pension provision. 
Nevskaya O. - The Economic Essence and Classification of Government Securities of the Constituent Entities of the Russian Federation as a Tool for Financing Infrastructure Projects pp. 26-40


Abstract: The subject of the study is the economic nature of government securities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and their types allocated by criteria that are significant for the use of the securities in order to finance infrastructure projects. The relevance of the research is due to the growing interest in Russia and other countries of the world in the creation and development of infrastructure as a driver of economic growth and a source of improving the welfare of the population of a country. Government securities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation are one of the financial instruments that can be used to provide financing for infrastructure projects, taking into account their capital intensity, long terms of implementation and, as a rule, the impossibility of obtaining economic effects from their implementation in the short term. The purpose of the study was to generalize and expand theoretical views on this type of securities in terms of the possibility of its use for these purposes.During the research methods of system, structural and comparative analysis, classification and grouping, as well as statistical methods in determining the types of government securities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, were applied. By summarizing and supplementing the existing theoretical and practical approaches to the definition of the concept and economic nature of government securities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the author singled out their specific features, which made it possible to formulate a comprehensive definition of this financial instrument. The author proposed refinements and additions to the classification of government securities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation according to the criteria for their intended use, the source of repayment of the principal debt and the nominal volume of the issue, including taking into account the practice of their use.The obtained results allowed to expand the theoretical base in the use of government securities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation as a tool for financing infrastructure projects and will facilitate further research on the theme.
Korkushko M.V. - 'Quality Standard of Banking Activities In case of Debt Restructuring of Physical Entities' and its Applicability pp. 71-78


Abstract: The research article is devoted to consideration of features of the Quality standard of activity of banks when restructuring debt natural persons (Standard). The scope of research covers practice of the Russian banks. Work purpose: to reveal whether use and introduction of the Standard in Russia is possible and to define the directions of his change. Relevance of consideration of this subject is caused by need of borrowers for the high-quality and in due time carried out restructuring that is explained низикм by the level of infrastructure of the help to the borrower in Russia. In work the volume of prolongations in some Russian banks is presented. Distortion and understating of the submitted data is as a result revealed. In the course of research methods of collecting and the analysis of information, sistematization, the analysis of the actual documentation, empirical, etc. have been used. The conclusion is drawn on impossibility of introduction of the Standard without his joint development with the Central Bank. It is noted that introduction of the maximum terms of restructuring of debt, and also determination of quality of the restructuring provided by banks positively will affect further work of bank with clients. However the state fixing of the maximum terms of restructuring depending on types of the credits along with providing unconditional restructuring of the credits to borrowers of the right within these terms can appear much more effective.
Burakov D.V. - Anatomy of Credit Cycles: a Case of Russia pp. 141-163


Abstract: Amplification of the amplitude and frequency of crises phenomena on the credit market has become a serious challenge for academic society and monetary regulation authorities. The growth of financial instability, large-scale realization of "systemic" risk, which are based on cyclic processes in monetary sphere, have once once again highlighted the relevance of research. The need to identify causality between credit cycles in Russia and various macroeconomic variables identifies the subject of this study. The subject of study is the set of economic relations associated with lending to non-financial sector on the example of Russia. Main research methods include a mathematical-statistical method. The study is based on the use of regression analysis and vector autoregression modelling (VAR). The composition of the sample includes values of selected variables at the macroeconomic level on the example of Russia. The sample period is January 2005 – June 2016, reference period for the sample include monthly values of the variables. In the result of the study we determined structural and causal relationship between bank credit supply in Russia and selected macroeconomic variables. Testing of our hypotheses shows that on the Russian market of corporate credit there are several empirical anomalies that contradict the basic provisions of imperfect credit market theory(such as pricing and operating anomalies).
Sharova V.A., Daneeva S.O. - ICO as an innovative strategy for operational funding pp. 141-150


Abstract: This article explores ICO as an innovative strategy for getting funding. The authors reveal the key advantages and flaws, prospects and problems, as well as the main trends of development of this phenomenon. This strategy for funding seems most promising and technological. In the process of ICO, the project team issues and sells cryptographic assets – tokens for cryptocurrencies (usually Ethereum). If the project is successful, investors can sell their tokens for profit. The principle of getting funding using ICO is similar to the IPO: parties invest into a particular company and receive dividends, but in the case of ICO, they use tokens instead of stocks. The research presents analysis of the key indexes of the dynamics of development, as well as popularization and efficiency of ICOs as a means for project funding.  ICOs are an innovative and promising strategy for funding, demonstrating an undeniable advantage in form of using the blockchain technology. At the same time, various types of fraud methods emerged due to lack of precise government regulation of the industry. However, statistical data demonstrated gradual stabilization in the area of ICOs, which can be explained by better information preparedness of investors, which are becoming harder to attract to such projects. Developing countries are also working on the normative legal base of this phenomenon, which prompted a decrease in various fraudulent schemes.
Safiullin M.R., Elshin L.A., Abdukaeva A.A. - Development of multifactor forecasting model for promotion of the global cryptocurrency market pp. 151-161


Abstract: The subject of this research is the entirety of factors of the institutional and conjuncture order that determine the parameters of development of the cryptocurrency market. Special attention is given to the substantiation of parameters included into the economic mathematical model being developed, aimed at determining the relationship between the analyzed system of exogenous factors and endogenous indexes, which in this model is played by Bitcoin volume of market capitalization. The devised algorithm allowed forecasting market capitalization of cryptocurrency up until 2021 using the methods of scenario modeling. The methodology of this research relies on the instruments of economic and mathematical modeling of the studied entirety of factors, including the mechanisms of regressive analysis of the time statistical series, methods of generalization and grouping, as well as methods of scenario modeling. As the result of the completed assessments based on the instruments of economic modeling, the authors constructed a model that determines the statistically significant relations between the analyzed set of factors (of institutional and conjuncture order) and market capitalization of Bitcoin. This allowed to not only formulate a scientifically substantiated algorithm of modeling volatility on the cryptocurrency market, but also ensure capacity for developing scenario forecasting models of the dynamics of Bitcoin value for medium-term perspective in contrast to the currently used methods of technical analysis, which usually form the foundation for forecasting for only short-term perspective.
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