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International Law
Reference:

The impact of international organizations with regards to human genome studies upon the legislative development of foreign countries
Shinkaretskaya Galina Georgievna

Doctor of Law

Chief Scientific Associate, the sector of International Law, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences

119019, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Znamenka, 10

gshink@yandex.ru
Rednikova Tatiana Vladimirovna

PhD in Law

Senior Scientific Associate, the sector of Environmental, Land an Agrarian Law, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences

119019, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Znamenka, 10

trednikova@gmail.com
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

The subject of this research is the norms of international law regulating the questions of study and modification of human genome, as well as their impact upon the development of national legislation of various countries. The authors analyze the law enforcement practice of the European Court on Human Rights, which arrived at certain decisions considering the provisions of international legal acts in the area of genome research, particularly the Oviedo Convention. The article describes the existing in international community approaches to legal regulation of reproductive human cloning and its potential transformations. Based on the conducted comparative analysis of legal approaches to regulation of genome research on the international level along with their impact upon the formation of national legislation in this field, the authors come to the following conclusions: the international legal acts steer the government towards the formation of legal policy in the area of genome research, and creation of the national normative acts that on one hand do not unduly impede the further advancement of the scientific progress, and on the other would resolve the attendant problems of ethical, legal and social character, as well as adhere to human rights. It is recommended to continue formulating the legal and ethical questions in the field of genome research on the international level, comprehensively assessing the risks and variety of the existing problems.

Keywords: legal prohibition, risk evaluation, international law, cloning, genome editing, genomic studies, international organizations, human rights, ethics, biomedical technologies

DOI:

10.25136/2644-5514.2019.4.30942

Article was received:

02-10-2019


Review date:

03-10-2019


Publish date:

07-10-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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